Template:Umbrella Corp. Umbrella (officially named Umbrella Corp.) is a fictional organization in the Resident Evil series of survival horror games, it is one of the central antagonist groups in the storyline.
The Umbrella Corporation was a megacorporation which operated ruthlessly as a major international player in a number of markets including pharmaceuticals, medical hardware, defense, and computers, along with more clandestine operations utilizing genetic engineering and biological weaponry. The company also had a more public face, producing cosmetics and the like. Umbrella's large array of subsidiaries was typical for large-scale corporations, though it was purposely built to cover up illegal activities.
A subsidiary of Umbrella operated as a private militia. This division of the corporation maintained a highly-trained security force capable of rescue, reconnaissance, and para-military operations.
They used a variety of vehicles, including HUMVEEs. Complementing this security force was an air wing, which maintained a fleet of AV-8B Harrier jump jets, UH-60 Blackhawks, C-130 Hercules water-landing capable cargo planes, CH-53 Sea Stallion cargo helicopters for transporting prisoners and Hughes H-6 "Little Bird" attack helicopters. The corporation utilized these resources in order to secure and protect its assets, as well as its high profile employees.
Soon after the opening of its pharmaceutical subsidiary, Umbrella Pharmaceuticals, Umbrella began developing biological weaponry for militaries across the world as part of a worldwide conspiracy to accumulate deadly viruses directly prohibited by the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. Umbrella Pharmaceuticals was able to cover this by researching vaccines for the same viruses. Umbrella's other industries, such as the tourism firm, the Paraguas Line Company, earned revenue from transporting passengers across the Atlantic as a front for the transporting viral weapon samples from West Africa, while Umbrella Industries was responsible for the development of anti-B.O.W. weaponry.
Umbrella's true goal was not, in fact, a capitalistic urge for monopolisation of a lucrative industry, but eugenics. This fact was only known to corporate executives, who shared the belief that their principle objective was the funding of the Wesker Project, which was to birth a new race of virally-enhanced and well-educated superhumans who would advance human civilisation for generations to come with Umbrella's founders ruling through them as gods. This project was not realised, with the loss of all but two candidates by 1998 and their later deaths.
- Aqua Cure: Umbrella's crowning public achievement, Aqua Cure is an ointment used on open wounds that made the company famous worldwide. It is considered to be the company's primary public product and is very effective. It is most likely the recurring First Aid Spray item that appears throughout the series. It is assumed that the T-Virus is used on this product to reaccommodate the damaged cells, though no side-effect has been shown.
- Safsprin: Another of Umbrella's three main public products. Aspirin based, it can be used as treatment for various common, daily illnesses.
- Adravil: An apparently ibuprofen-based analgesic. May be an analog of the real drug Advil.
- Uspirim: Another Umbrella Aspirin-based product, introduced in Alyssa Ashcroft's good ending in Resident Evil Outbreak.
- Valifin: A non-canon medication mentioned in the novelization Resident Evil: Zero Hour by S.D. Perry, Valifin is an experimental pediatric heart medication that has a side-effect of renal failure.
It is interesting to note that when examining Herbs in Resident Evil Code: Veronica, it states that they are from Raccoon City. This suggests that Umbrella grew these Herbs, which would explain how they ended up in an Umbrella base in Europe and Antarctica.
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Rise of the empire
The Umbrella Corporation was founded by Lord Oswell E. Spencer, a man descended from the British Royal Family, in the 1960s. Two other people were prominently involved in the conception of Umbrella: James Marcus and Edward Ashford, although it is apparent that Spencer was the driving force behind the formation of the company as Marcus and Ashford were far more interested in the potential uses of the newly-discovered Progenitor Virus. When Ashford died in 1968, Spencer was able to largely sideline Marcus at the Raccoon City facilities while he maintained control over the company for the next thirty years. Spencer would eventually grow distrustful of Marcus, worried that his research would allow the scientist to eventually supplant him as Umbrella's CEO. Lord Spencer arranged for the assassination of Dr. Marcus, a task that was duly carried out by two of Marcus' most brilliant and ambitious assistants, William Birkin and Albert Wesker. Birkin would subsequently take over all of Marcus' research, including the studies on the Progenitor Virus and his achievement in the creation of T.
Ten years later, Marcus was completely restored by the Queen Leech. Marcus would exact his revenge on Spencer and Umbrella by releasing the T-Virus into the Arklay Research Facility's water supply, turning the facility personnel into zombies and leaving the laboratory and mansion in complete chaos, allowing for the team's extremely dangerous research specimens to escape into the surrounding area. Birkin and Wesker used this as a diversion for their own plans to leave Umbrella, taking their research with them. Wesker, having formed Raccoon City's elite S.T.A.R.S. unit two years previously, would develop a plan to lure the team to the Spencer Mansion to obtain battle data from the conflict that would surely follow. Spencer Mansion had been constructed above the actual laboratory to conceal it from negative interests such as the government and local populace, and was now crawling with infected researchers and experiments wandering its halls. Although the Tyrant was deployed, resulting in unforeseen side-effects for Wesker, both the laboratory and the rampaging Tyrant were destroyed by S.T.A.R.S. Alpha Team before making its escape back to Raccoon City with a single Bravo Team survivor.
Wesker was forced to go into hiding for a number of months, using his operative Ada Wong to carry out his objectives, including the recovery of Birkin's ultimate creation, the G-Virus. Several months after the Arklay incident, William Birkin finally perfected the viral strain that he'd been toiling to achieve since obtaining Marcus' research so many years earlier, the G-Virus. Birkin planned to use the virus to force the Umbrella Corporation into allowing him onto their executive board, but then changed his plans when he found that selling it directly to the U.S. Government would prove far more profitable. Umbrella deployed its elite U.S.S. team (a para-military black-operations unit created for Umbrella's most clandestine purposes) in a desperate bid to stop Birkin from handing over his ultimate creation. Although Birkin was mortally wounded in the ensuing conflict, and the G-Virus was successfully recovered by Umbrella, he was able to inject the G-Virus into his own body and devastate most of the team before it could make its escape. This event would be indirectly responsible for unleashing the T-Virus on Raccoon City. While the Arklay incident had been relatively isolated and concealed from the public, and Umbrella's control over key government and law enforcement personnel had ensured that any record of what had occurred could be safely swept into obscurity, they were now faced with an entire city infected with the T-Virus and a trail leading directly back to the Umbrella Corporation. This would prove exceedingly difficult, even for Umbrella, to make simply disappear.
Fall of the empire
Umbrella's fortunes failed to improve in the time shortly after the Raccoon City incident. But with a barrage of mysterious witness disappearances and Umbrella-planted witnesses, all blame for the incident was carefully shifted to the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government was forced to take extreme measures to ensure the spread of the T-Virus was stopped for good. Mission Code XX was approved for immediate deployment, and Raccoon City was annihilated via an air-to-surface surgical missile strike.
After escaping to the city limits with UBSC member Juan Rodriguez and her fellow Umbrella researcher Linda Washington, Yoko Suzuki's amnesia finally lifted. All of the evil deeds she had witnessed and helped Umbrella keep secret came flooding back. With her newly regained memories, Yoko decided it was time that the world knew the truth, and that doing so would start her down a better path. Linda and Yoko were brought forward as key witnesses to Umbrella's atrocities in the Supreme Court, and all was made known.
On Sheena Island, undercover investigator Ark Thompson, operating on behalf of Leon S. Kennedy, succeeded in destroying Umbrella's Tyrant production plant after Umbrella's senior executive assigned to the island unleashed the T-Virus on its citizens. Shortly afterwards, when Claire Redfield broke into Umbrella's Paris facilities in search of her brother, she was captured and sent to Umbrella's illegal prison camp on Rockfort Island. While there, she witnessed Albert Wesker attack the island in search of the T-Veronica Virus, another relative of the now infamous T-Virus. Escaping the island, she found herself trapped at the South Pole Facility, where Edward Ashford's granddaughter, Alexia Ashford, awoke from a self-induced coma with a desire to establish a new order. With the destruction of Sheena Island, Rockfort Island and the South Pole Facility, most of Umbrella's illegitimate operations had been shut down. This, combined with the loss of many research and security personnel throughout each of the disastrous incidents, left Umbrella with little chance of regaining the years of work lost thus far.
However, the Umbrella investigation would continue until 2003, when Umbrella was finally found guilty after an anonymous tip-off by Albert Wesker. The U.S. Government suspended Umbrella's market trading license pending further investigation into their business practices. While this investigation must have already provided Umbrella with severe financial problems, a world-wide manhunt for surviving founder Ozwell E. Spencer practically sealed the organization's fate.
With trading suspended, Umbrella's shares quickly collapsed, and the company was virtually bankrupt. Umbrella became largely fragmented, with power struggles between senior executives becoming a constant occurrence. The U.S. STRATCOM was mainly involved in clean-up operations, such as the theft of the T-G Virus by former Umbrella executive in R&D, Morpheus D. Duvall, and his plans to create a new order based around his obsessive ideals of 'beauty'. By the early 21st century, the Umbrella Corporation's bankruptcy was absolute, and the U.S. government had completed the process of fully dismantling the remnants of the organization. However, in Resident Evil 4, it was revealed that Albert Wesker's grand scheme involves the complete resurrection of the Umbrella Corporation.
Even with the corporation shut down, a vast amount of technology developed by them was pilfered and scattered across the globe. Among this Umbrella technology were satellites, artificial intelligences, and energy weaponry. Wesker is seen in RE4 controlling an Umbrella-owned satellite, and retrieving data contained within the Red Queen in Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles. This poses the possibility that he has seized all of Umbrella's technology, assets and intelligence data for his own future organization.
Following the 2004 Terragrigia Panic, knowledge of Bio Organic Weapons became public knowledge, and the threat of bioterrorist groups acquiring such weaponry intensified. To ready itself for a new stage in the ongoing War on Terror, Chapter 11 Reorganization was invoked on Umbrella U.S.A.'s assets in 2007, and the company began doing business once more under a new executive consisting of former employees trusted by the US government. In its revived form, Umbrella U.S.A. went by the name "Umbrella Co.", and changed the logo to blue to indicate its separation from its predecessor -red- to the public but the company still kept it original name to make the public always remembers that they are cleaning up the mess started by the original Umbrella Corporation as atonement. Due to the blue logo, this organization would later become known as "Blue Umbrella". They, along with Chris Redfield, would assist Ethan and Mia Winters at the conclusion of the 2017 Dulvey Incident in Dulvey, Louisiana.
Also in 2007, "Blue Umbrella" would, themselves, found the Umbrella Corps, a paramilitary organization united under their command. This group would retain the red in their logo, to distinguish themselves as a separate part of the Umbrella Corporation, under the rule and jurisdiction of "Blue Umbrella".
Juristiction of Umbrella U.S.A. subsidiary
- Arklay Laboratory: A Laboratory located in Raccoon Forest, way up in the Arklay Mountains camouflaged as a mansion designed by George Trevor for Oswell E. Spencer. Umbrella conducted most of its T-Virus experiments there, including the creation of the Tyrant.
- Umbrella Executive Training School: This building was managed by James Marcus for the purpose of training future Umbrella employees. It was officially closed down in 1978, though Marcus continued his research there until his assassination in 1988. An investigative unit was sent in 1998 to inspect the facility for reopening purposes.
- NEST: A facility established during the late 1980s for the sole purpose of William Birkin's G-Virus project. It can only be entered through a cable car system within Raccoon City's sewers, and is also connected to the Research Center.
- Umbrella Chemical Plant: A chemical plant located above NEST and used as a facade. It included a train yard and turntable elevator, which allowed transport of cargo from out of Raccoon City and down into NEST.
- Incineration Disposal Plant P-12A: A facility hidden within an abandoned factory in Raccoon City, used to chemically destroy dead and unusable specimens. Potent contributor to the release of the virus into the city.
- Umbrella R&D Center: A large facility used to test the combat capabilities of B.O.W.s. An experimental serum was developed there to combat the T-Virus.
Of no particular subsidiary
- Rockfort Island: A solitary island which served as the site of Alfred Ashford's private residence and palace after he purchased the land and drove the villagers out. It also housed an "inescapable" prison camp, a Military Training Center (including a lab used to create B.O.W.s), and an airport.
- Antarctic Base: A facility established by Alexander Ashford for his Code: Veronica project. Later, Alexia Ashford, an offspring of the project, used the facility for her t-Veronica virus research. By October, 2012, the facility was used by Umbrella Co. in a failed attempt to dispose of 3A7 with acquired C-Virus bio-weapons.
- Umbrella Waste Disposal Facility: A waste disposal facility on an unnamed island in the Atlantic Ocean. It was to this facility that Umbrella sent some of its worst failed experiments to be disposed of. Due to ignorance in disposal methods by its staff however, some experiments thrived in its depths, resulting in a viral outbreak. This forced the facility to shut down until proper countermeasures could be taken. It was used as a base of operations by renegade Umbrella executive Morpheus D. Duvall. The facility was destroyed by Morpheus' t-Virus warheads that were detonated from the missile silos on the island.
- Umbrella Africa Laboratory: This facility was set up in the late 1960s by Umbrella Chemical, Inc. in secrecy. Built within the underground ruins of the Ndipaya Kingdom, only high-ranking Umbrella researchers and the remaining Ndipaya knew of its existence. After it closed down in 1998, the pharmaceutical enterprise, TRICELL, Inc., under the guidance of Albert Wesker, claimed the abandoned facility and began creating their own facility further underground. It was here that they further developed the Progenitor virus and began work on the "Uroboros Project."
- Umbrella Lab: A top-secret, underground Umbrella laboratory that only a few elite Umbrella executives knew existed. It was quarantined from a T-Virus leak that infected the staff before the corporation's dissolution. As of March, 2012, its assets and research data had been obtained by Umbrella Co., re-purposing the facility primarily for weapons testing.
- The Umbrella Corporation's slogan was: "Obedience Breeds Discipline, Discipline Breeds Unity, Unity Breeds Power, Power is Life" and "Our Business Is Life Itself", revealing the connection in the two slogans and Umbrella's true intentions.