Shadow of Rome (シャドウオブローマ Shadō obu Rōma ) is a 2005 hybrid hack and slash/stealth video game, with elements of vehicular combat, developed and published by Capcom for the PlayStation 2. The game was released in Europe and North America in February, and in Japan in March.
The plot is a fictionalized version of the assassination of Julius Caesar, focusing on two characters, Agrippa, a soldier whose father is accused of murdering Caesar, and who is forced to fight in the gladiatorial arenas, and Octavianus, who sets about proving Agrippa's father's innocence.
The game received favorable reviews. Originally conceived as the first part of a franchise aimed at a specifically western audience, the sequel was in the early stages of development when the first game was released. However, due to poor sales, particularly in North America, executive producer Keiji Inafune decided to scrap the franchise, and Shadow of Rome 2 ultimately became Dead Rising.
Shadow of Rome is a hack and slash stealth game played from a third-person perspective. The hack and slash parts of the game involve close quarters combat with weapons, and vehicular combat elements in the form of chariot racing. The stealth portions of the game involve basic stealth gameplay and some rudimentary puzzle-solving.
During combat, the player character is Agrippa, who can use various gladiatorial weapons such as swords, scimitars, maces, spears, bows, slingshots and flails. If Agrippa has severed the arm of an enemy, he can pick it up and also use it as a weapon. However, weapons can only be used for a certain amount of time before they break. During combat, a meter indicates the remaining vitality of Agrippa's weapon(s) and helmet (if he has one equipped). Agrippa can attack with his main weapon, his sub-weapon or shield, or with a two-handed weapon. The player can lock on to enemies to make Agrippa target them. Agrippa can also throw weapons at his enemies, and can fight with his fists, using strong and soft punches as well as shoulder tackles. If timed correctly, Agrippa can also steal weapons from his enemies, or knock their weapons out of their hands using a shoulder tackle. He can also attack from the ground by flinging sand into an approaching enemy's face, and he can attack downed enemies by stomping on them or stabbing them. If Agrippa stands behind a groggy enemy he can perform a suplex on them.
An important aspect of the combat gameplay are "SALVO points." Salvos are specific actions or combinations of actions which excite the crowd. When Agrippa performs a salvo action, he is awarded salvo points, which fill up the salvo bar. If Agrippa calls for the attention of the crowd when the bar is full, the audience will throw him rare and powerful weapons. If he calls for their attention when it is not full, they will throw normal weapons, shields, food, or often, nothing at all. At the end of each arena battle, Agrippa will be given a ranking based on the total amount of salvo points he achieved in that battle.
The other component of Agrippa's sections in the game involves chariot racing. In this mode, Agrippa must race against other chariots, and can win by either crossing the finish line first, or eliminating all of his opponents, either by killing them or destroying their chariots. Agrippa can whip his horses to give a speed boost, but doing do drains the horses stamina gauge. When it is empty, the horses can only run at normal speed, until the gauge begins to fill up again. Agrippa can eliminate opponents by driving alongside their chariots and attacking them or by forcing their chariots into obstacles. Longer weapons can be found on the track itself, carried by slaves.
In Octavianus' stealth levels, the player must use stealth to navigate various locations in Rome. Octavianus cannot kill enemies, he can only knock them out by hitting them from behind with objects such as vases, choking them with ropes or placing banana peels in front of them. Once he has done so, he often has to drag their body into hiding to make sure other enemies don't find it. Other ways to avoid enemies are by hiding in large pots, or by stealing clothes and impersonating guards or other people. During these levels, there is an alert gauge which appears when Octavianus is spotted by an enemy. The gauge gradually empties over time if he is out of sight, and once it is completely empty, enemies stop looking for him. Octavianus can also distract enemies by throwing items such as stones and by whistling. Even if Octavianus is disguised, enemies can become suspicious of him if he does anything unusual, such as running, standing still for no reason, or trying to open locked doors. Often, enemies will stop him and question him. The player will be presented with a series of choices to try to assuage the guards' suspicions. If the player picks the wrong answer, Octavianus' disguise will fail, and he will be killed. Octavianus is also able to listen to conversations in locked rooms by peeking through keyholes. During levels where he must follow someone, he has a "Tail Gauge." When the person he is following is out of his sight, the gauge starts to empty, and when it is fully depleted he is adjudged to have lost the person he was tailing and the game is over.
The game begins as the Roman army, under the command of centurion Agrippa (voiced by Rick Weiss), is fighting a Germanic army in the northeastern provinces. In Rome, Julius Caesar (Michael Bell) is on his way to the Senate when he is stabbed. As he dies, he looks at his killer and says "Et tu, Brute?" As he is cremated in the Foro Romano, Cicero (Peter Renaday) reveals the assassin to the public; Vipsanius (Daniel Riordan), Agrippa's father. As Vipsanius maintains his innocence, Cicero announces Caesar's successor, Antonius (Chris Cox). Listening from the crowd, Octavianus (Scott Menville), Caesar's nephew, refuses to believe Vipsanius is guilty. Meanwhile, in Germania, Agrippa receives word of Caesar's death, and orders his men to return to Rome.
Soon after the funeral, Octavianus meets Pansa (Jack Angel), formerly Caesar's most trusted spy. With Pansa's help, Octavianus sneaks into the Senate where Maecenas (Larry Cedar), Antonius' secretary, proposes that rather than immediately executing Vipsanius, they hold a gladiatorial tournament across the Empire, the winner of which will perform the execution. Antonius approves of the idea, but dictates that Vipsania (Moira Quirk), Vipsanius' wife, be publicly executed immediately. Agrippa arrives back in Rome, and Octavianus explains the situation. At the execution, presided over by Decius Brutus (Daniel Riordan), Agrippa attempts to save Vipsania, but as they flee, she is stabbed in the back by Decius, who then defeats Agrippa in combat. However, before Agrippa can be arrested, he and Octavianus are saved by a woman on a chariot. She reveals her name is Claudia (Nicole Balick), a female gladiator. She tells them about the gladiatorial tournament, and that her brother, Sextus (Roger Rose) runs a gladiator camp which Agrippa could join to gain entry to the tournament and possibly save his father. Meanwhile, Octavianus will remain in Rome and investigate the murder.
As Agrippa fights his way through the tournament, Octavianus begins to follow Cicero's protégé, Marcus Brutus (Cam Clarke). At the camp, Claudia tells Agrippa she and Sextus are not brother and sister; he rescued her as a child after her brother was killed by a Roman soldier. Meanwhile, Sextus is visited by Iris (Heather Halley) and Charmian (Jennifer Hale), who come with "a direct order from our mistress." They want Sextus to assassinate someone, in return for their mistress aiding his plans. Sextus agrees. In Rome, Octavianus finds Cicero stabbed in his office. The dying Cicero tells him a group of conspirators are responsible for Caesar's assassination, and Vipsanius is innocent. Marcus is a member of the group, but the actual murderer is "another Brutus." Meanwhile, Agrippa makes it to the finals of the tournament in the Colosseum. Octavianus heads to meet Marcus, where he finds multiple senators murdered, and a distraught Marcus, who says the other Brutus is killing off the members of the conspiracy. However, he refuses to reveal his identity.
At the camp, Claudia tells Agrippa Sextus is really the son of Pompeius, who was killed in battle by Caesar. She explains he plans to assassinate Octavianus (Caesar's only surviving blood relative) in order to gain support for his conquest of Rome. Meanwhile, Octavianus finds a note in Caesar's handwriting speculating as to the worthiness of possible successors, and learns that Antonius was not his chosen heir. At the camp, Sextus abruptly disappears along with a number of gladiators, and Claudia learns he is working for Iris and Charmian. In Rome, Sextus confronts Octavianus, and is about to kill him when Claudia intervenes. Octavianus flees, and witnesses Decius stabbing Marcus. A dying Marcus tells Octavianus that Decius is the "other Brutus." Maecenas then has Octavianus arrested.
In the final of the tournament, Agrippa faces Decius, whom he defeats and is about to kill him when Maecenas arrives in the arena, announcing the return of Caesar. He explains the man killed was a decoy employed because Caesar knew about the conspiracy, announcing the murder was carried out by Decius, not Vipsanius. Caesar arrives and addresses Antonius, telling him he did not chose him as his heir. Iris and Charmian revealed Caesar's true choice to Antonius, who masterminded the conspiracy. A shocked Antonius admits his guilt, at which point Maecenas reveals Caesar really is dead, and the man pretending to be him is his true chosen heir - Octavianus. A furious Antonius orders Decius to kill Octavianus, but Agrippa intervenes and kills Decius. At that moment, however, Rome is attacked by Sextus, supported by soldiers loyal to Antonius, who is able to escape the arena. Agrippa and Claudia head to Ostia and confront Sextus. Agrippa defeats him and begs him to surrender. However, Antonius attacks the docks, and Sextus sacrifices himself to save Claudia. As a battle rages at sea between those loyal to Octavianus and those loyal to Antonius, Agrippa faces Antonius, whom he defeats and kills.
Back in Rome, Agrippa, Octavianus and Claudia mourn Sextus. She tells them she is leaving Rome, but will keep her eye on things. As she leaves, Agrippa asks her to promise she will return but she doesn't answer him, instead she smiles at him, turns away, and walks off. Octavianus then vows to fulfill Caesar's dream of the Pax Romana, with Agrippa vowing to help him any way he can. In the epilogue, a content Iris and Charmian state it is time to tell their mistress they have "reached the end of the beginning."
- Caesar - The most respected and famous military and political leader in the history of the Roman Republic, his paternal image and warmth earned him the respect of his subjects. On March 15th, on his way to the Senate House, Caesar is attacked by an unknown assailant and dies at the feet of a statue of Pompeius. His last famous words were "Et tu, Brute?".
- Agrippa - Caesar recognized the military genius and fighting instinct of Agrippa and appointed him Centurion at a young age. He counts Octavianus among his friends. Accused of Caesar's assassination, Agrippa's father, Vipsanius, is arrested by the military. His mother, Vipsania, is then publicly executed at the hands of Decius. It is decided that the winner of a gladiatorial tournament held in Caesar's honor will be Vipsanius' executioner. Agrippa immediately makes plans to enter the tournament.
- Octavianus - Having lost his father at a young age, Octavianus was adopted and raised lovingly by Caesar himself. He is a close friend of Agrippa. When news of Caesar's assassination reaches his ears, he rushes back to Rome only to find that the man who stands accused of the murder is none other than Agrippa's father. Using Caesar's last words: "You too, Brutus?" as his primary clue, Octavianus sets off on a quest to uncover the truth with the aid of his mentor, Pansa.
- Antonius - Caesar's loyal underling, Antonius vows to strive for the good of Rome, following the assassination. It turns out he was behind the plot to kill Caesar.
- Cicero - A superior statesman and eloquent speaker, Cicero is a born leader and a natural choice to head the Senate. It is he who formally denounces Vipsanius as a criminal.
- Vipsanius - A close trusted associate of Caesar, Vipsanius is the father of Agrippa. Falsely accused of Caesar's brutal murder, he is incarcerated in the Syracuse prison.
- Barca - The general of a large force of barbarians in Germania, Barca loses his battle with Agrippa and is transported to Rome as a captive.
- Pansa - Formerly Caesar's chief intelligence officer, Pansa is now retired and leads a quiet life. He has a mysterious connection with Octavianus' family and is happy to aid him.
- Maecenas - Secretary of Antonius and loyal servant of Caesar, it is Maecenas who suggests that a gladiatorial tournament be held, and that the winner should play executioner. Octavianus soon views Cassius' murder scene and witnesses firsthand the hiding of the body.
- Decius - A general in the Republic's army, Decius led Rome's brave armies to victory after victory for the great Caesar. He loves nothing more than the sight and smell of blood. He quite visibly takes pleasure in the public execution of Agrippa's falsely accused mother. Always accompanied by members of the Valcross stable, he often participates in gladiatorial games himself.
- Claudia - A popular fighter, Claudia calls Sextus her brother. After witnessing Agrippa's prowess firsthand, she encourages him to join her gladiator stable. Sold to Rome in the slave trade as a mere child, she was taken in by Sextus. Unable to heal the scars of her past, she holds a simmering hatred of Rome in her heart.
- Sextus - A promoter who manages a stable of gladiators outside of Rome, Sextus is known for his easygoing attitude which has earned him the respect of the gladiators in his care. He receives an assassination request from a pair of mysterious twins known as Iris and Charmian. Ten years earlier, Sextus purchased Claudia from a slave trader and brought her up as he would his own younger sister.
- Marcus - Also known as Marcus Brutus, Marcus is employed as a justice along with Cassius. He views Cicero as his mentor. His relationship with Cassius ends on bad terms following a quarrel, and Cassius' dead body is discovered soon after. This is followed by Marcus' own sudden disappearance.
- Cassius - Employed as a justice with Marcus, Cassius often partook of disquieting, secret exchanges of information with his co-worker over drinks. Soon after parting on bad terms with Marcus, Cassius' body is found and taken away by Maecenas and his men.
- Iris and Charmian - Iris and Charmian are the female twins who have requested the assassination of a certain person (probably Cleopatra). They pass their request to Sextus.
- Arcanus - A Valcross stable archer that battles Agrippa in a fight to the death.
- Narclastese - Valcross stable chariot racer. Characterized by his flamboyant dressing and attitude. After he fails to win against Agrippa he meets his end by Decius' hand, as punishment for further dishonor of the good Valcross name.
Shadow of Rome was first revealed on January 28, 2004 when Capcom announced the plot would revolve around the assassination of Julius Caesar. Using an enhanced version of the Onimusha 3 game engine, and developed by the same team, under the guidance of executive producer Keiji Inafune, the game was announced as exclusive to the PlayStation 2. Capcom explained it would have two parallel stories and two different styles of gameplay; action and stealth. In his first look at the game, GameSpot's Ricardo Torres wrote: the robust and ambitious graphics engine pumps out an impressive number of polygons that are complemented by clean textures, lighting effects, and a number of visual filters and particle effects that certainly help bring the world to life. You'll see everything from striking lighting effects used to highlight dawn or dusk, to clouds of dust kicked up during chariot races or catapult battles. The powerful and fully 3D engine creates a rich world to explore that offers plenty to appreciate. You'll see diverse environments, such as a bustling marketplace, vast forests, sea vessels, citadels, and the Colosseum. But the most impressive aspect of the graphics at the moment has to be the wonderfully gruesome way in which you can hack up your opponents.
At this stage in development, the game featured a semi-branching storyline, whereby if the player excelled at the stealth sections, there would be more levels based around stealth, whereas if they were good at combat, more combat levels would feature.
The game was next shown at the E3 event in May, where a playable demo was made available, with one Agrippa level and one Octavianus level. Capcom explained the game was specifically designed for North American and European markets, and although release dates for both markets had been set, they were unsure if the game would get a release in Japan as it was not tailored for the Japanese market. The game was next shown at the Tokyo Game Show in September. A near complete build was sent to gaming websites in January 2005, when it was revealed the branching system had been removed and the game now followed a linear level-by-level progression system.
Shadow of Rome received "generally favourable reviews." It holds an aggregate score of 75 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on fifty-two reviews.
Eurogamer's Kristan Reed scored the game 6 out of 10, calling it "one of those frustrating 'nearly' games that could and should have been brilliant." He praised the concept of mixing two gameplay styles; "it would be easy to get stuck in a rut as a gaming experience if you were constantly engaged in a blistering hack-and-slash the whole time. Likewise, a pure stealth experience would soon feel restrictive and frustrating." However, he felt the stealth sections were underdeveloped, arguing "they're just never that enjoyable on a basic level," and calling them "tedious, exacting, basic and inconsistent." However, he was also critical of the action sections, calling them "blister inducing," and arguing "the same tactics get you through every time." He ultimately concluded "there's something oddly soulless about [the game]."
Game Revolution's Joe Dodson scored the game a C, arguing the mixing of gameplay styles was poorly executed; "Most games include stealth and action mechanics so that the player can choose how to approach a situation, but in Shadow of Rome, Octavianus cannot fight at all and Agrippa is about as stealthy as a hippo on PCP." He also found the combat system shallow; "Agrippa's gameplay heavily relies on the X button. There are all sorts of special names for the crazy stuff he can do, but most of it requires one button press." He concluded, "despite its grandiose subject matter, Shadow of Rome is merely a bad stealth game chained to a limited action game."
GameSpy's Bryn Williams scored the game 3.5 out of 5, writing it "oozes potential but ultimately fails to deliver greatness." He called the stealth levels "distinctly bland, and above all else, poorly designed." He was also critical of the voice acting and the cutscenes, and concluded "the overall theme and premise of Shadow of Rome ends up coming across as a missed opportunity for gaming greatness. The pacing is thrown out of whack on a regular basis due to the crippled stealth elements."
IGN's Ed Lewis scored it 7.6 out of 10, calling the action sections "pretty damn satisfying." However, although he didn't dislike the stealth sections, he felt "neither side of the game [...] is complex enough or [has] enough detail to make them something to want to dig into." He concluded, "put both these elements of the game together and the result is the equivalent of a summer action flick with a decent plot."
GameSpot's Greg Kasavin scored the game 8.2 out of 10, praising the "intriguing storyline and great-looking cinematic cutscenes." He felt it "successfully combines two distinctly different types of gameplay [...] Feature for feature, there's nothing hugely original about Shadow of Rome, but its combination of different elements is definitely unique, its characters are expressive and fun to watch, and the quality of its presentation is right up there with the best of what the PlayStation 2 has to offer." He concluded "Shadow of Rome offers some of the best hack-and-slash combat out there and wraps it up in an interesting story that puts an original spin on the whole Julius Caesar-getting-murdered thing. It's also got plenty of gameplay variety to keep you motivated from start to finish, and it's always pretty to look at."
Although originally conceived as the first part of a franchise aimed specifically at Western markets, Shadow of Rome did not sell well in either North America or Europe (entering the UK PlayStation 2 charts at #5), and ultimately, Capcom considered it a failure. Shadow of Rome 2 was already in early development prior to the release of the first game, but after the poor sales, executive producer Keiji Inafune chose to abandon the project, and Shadow of Rome 2 ultimately became Dead Rising.
- The final stage is based on the historical Battle of Actium, where the naval fleets of Octavianus led by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Marcus Antonius faced in battle in the year 31 B.C. Antonius committed suicide after the defeat, similar to how he fell off his ship once the player defeat him. Word got to his wife, Cleopatra, about his death and she committed suicide as well.
Merchandise and advertisement
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Game Screen | page=7 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Basic Actions | page=8 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Agrippa's Actions | page=9 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Agrippa's Actions | page=10 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Battle Screen | page=14 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Chariot Racing | page=16 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Octavianus' Actions | page=12 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite book | year=2005 | title=Shadow of Rome Instruction Manual (UK) | chapter=Octavianus' Actions | page=13 | publisher=Capcom | id=SLES-52950
- cite video game | title=Shadow of Rome | developer=Capcom Production Studio 2 | publisher=Capcom | date=2005 | platform=PlayStation 2 | level=Chapter I: The Wickedness of Men | quote=March 15: The Ides of March. Julius Caesar has been assassinated and his broken body discovered in the Hall of Pompey. He was on his way to the Senate, where a meeting regarding the Parthian campaign was to be held. His body was marked by no less than 23 stab wounds.
- cite video game | title=Shadow of Rome | developer=Capcom Production Studio 2 | publisher=Capcom | date=2005 | platform=PlayStation 2 | level=Chapter IV: Restoration to Glory | quote=Marcus Antonius: He's not suited for government and politics. Having seen his performance at the consul when he took over in my absence, I must say, I don't plan to do so again. I will at least leave the Macedonia problem to him. Vibius Pansa Caetronianus: We may have moved from a time of war to an ear of peace, but our need for spies and intelligence has not diminished. He certainly has good insight. I don't suppose anyone would approve the appointment of a retiree to the post of chief consul though. Marcus Brutus: He has the intelligence necessary for politics, and his personality is perhaps suited to such a sphere, but I worry about his selfishness. He doesn't give enough weight to the thoughts of others. It would seem that Cicero's constant doting has led to Marcus' current attitude. It may be best to separate the two of them and allow Marcus to gain more experience outside of Rome by sending him away for a while. Cassius Longiness: It would seem he quite enjoys betrayal. I couldn't give him too much responsibility. Marcus Tullius Cicero: Perhaps it is due to his advanced age, but it would seem that he has seen the error of his ways and is now a great supporter of the ideals of the Republic. For better or worse, he is a true patriot through and through. Though perhaps it would be best to keep him out of politics until my policies are enacted. Decius Brutus: He is a marvelous soldier, but I must call into question his morality. I had best send someone to keep an eye on him. He might be a suitable leader for the northern colonies.}}